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VOLUME 7 , ISSUE 1 ( Jan-Jun, 2018 ) > List of Articles
R Prasanna, K Jayasingh, R Ramesh, K Srikanth
Keywords : Prediabetes, microalbuminuria, C-peptide, retinopathy
Citation Information : Prasanna R, Jayasingh K, Ramesh R, Srikanth K. PG - 19: Cross Sectional Study of Microalbuminuria, C-Peptide & Fundal Changes in Prediabetics. 2018; 7 (1):38-38.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 01-08-2019
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).
Introduction: Pre-diabetes is a mounting health problem occurring worldwide. Microvascular complications are prone to occur during this stage. Early diagnosis & treatment delay progression to type 2 diabetes & microvascular complications. Aims & Objectives: To determine the prevalence of microalbuminuria, c-peptide & fundal changes in pre-diabetics Methodology: 125 pre-diabetic patients those who visited MGMCRI General Medicine OPD & admitted in medical wards were taken into the study after fulfilling the inclusion & exclusion criteria. Those entire study participants's urine & blood sample were sent for analysis of microalbuminuria & C-peptide respectively. Fundus was examined to look for retinopathic changes. Results: Among 125 prediabetic participants, prevalence of microalbuminuria was 12.8%, c-peptide levels was elevated in 46.4 %, but none of the study participants had fundal diabetic retinopathy changes. Conclusion: The microvascular complications like microalbuminuria starts in the pre-diabetic stage itself. Increased c-peptide levels are an important marker of prediabetes & a risk factor for diabetes. Prevalence of increased c-peptide levels & microalbuminuria was more in individuals who had both IFG & IGT