Pharmacogenomics and personalised medicine are emerging as important tools in individualised drug therapy. Many of the genes which encode drug metabolising enzymes, transporters and receptors are polymorphic. Individuals with polymorphic genes are likely to experience therapeutic failure or drug toxicity. This is clinically important for drugs with low safety margin such as oral anticoagulants, anti-epileptics and anticancer drugs. Prior genetic testing may help to predict responders and non-responders to the above mentioned drugs, besides avoiding drug toxicity. CIDRF is planning to introduce CYP2C9, CYP2C19 and CYP2D6 genetic testing shortly, which shall help to integrate pharmacogenomics with clinical practice.
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