Annals of SBV

Register      Login

VOLUME 12 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Assessment Methods in Medical Education

Dhastagir S Sheriff

Keywords : Assessment tools, Formative assessment, Summative assessment

Citation Information : Sheriff DS. Assessment Methods in Medical Education. 2023; 12 (1):11-13.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10085-9124

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 20-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Assessment methods in competency-based medical education play a very vital role in imparting learning to learners. The assessment tools include formative and summative assessments. Based upon the milestones in the stepwise development of competencies, assessment methods are framed. The basis for an effective method of assessment is framing questions in alignment with the learning outcomes of the curriculum designed for the student. There is the active participation of students in formative assessment for their feedback drives the engine of learning and teaching. In this short communication, different methods of assessments are described.

  1. Dunn WR, Hamilton DD, Harden RM. Techniques of identifying competencies needed of doctors. Med Teach 1985;7(1):15–25. DOI: 10.3109/01421598509036787.
  2. Brown TC, McCleary LE, Stenchever MA, Poulson AM Jr. A competency-based educational approach to reproductive biology. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1973;116(7):1036–1043. DOI: 10.1016/s0002-9378 (16)33856-x.
  3. Swing SR. The ACGME outcome project: retrospective and prospective. Med Teach 2007;29(7):648–654. DOI: 10.1080/01421590701392903.
  4. Lockyer J, Carraccio C, Chan MK, Hart D, Smee S, Touchie C, et al. ICBME Collaborators. Core principles of assessment in competency-based medical education. Med Teach 2017;39(6):609–616. DOI: 10.1080/0142159X.2017.1315082.
  5. Gruppen LD, Mangrulkar RS, Kolars JC. The promise of competency-based education in the health professions for improving Global health. Hum Resour Health 2012;10:43. Available from:
  6. Leung WC. Competency based medical training: Review. BMJ 2002;325(7366):693–696. PMID: 12351364.
  7. Sheriff DS. Competency-based medical education in India. Annals of SBV 2020;9(2):39–41. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10085-8125.
  8. Friedman Ben-David M. The role of assessment in expanding professional horizons. Med Teach 2000;22(5):472–477. DOI: 10.1080/01421590050110731.
  9. Van der Vleuten CP, Norman GR, De Graaff E. Pitfalls in the pursuit of objectivity: Issues of reliability. Med Educ 1991;25(2):110–118. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.1991.tb00036.x.
  10. Norcini JJ: Current perspectives in assessment: The assessment of performance at work. J Med Educ 2005;39:880–889. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2929.2005.02182.x.
  11. Schuwirth LW, van der Vleuten CP, Donkers HH. A closer look at cueing effects in multiple-choice questions. Med Educ 1996;30(1):44–49. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2923.1996.tb00716.x.
  12. Case S, Swanson D. Constructing written test questions for the basic and clinical sciences. 3rd edition. Philadelphia: National Board of Medical Examiners; 2000. pp. 180.
  13. Norcini JJ, Blank LL, Duffy FD, Fortna GS. The mini-CEX: A method for assessing clinical skills. Ann Intern Med 2003;138(6):476–481. DOI: 10.7326/0003-4819-138-6-200303180-00012.
  14. Wass V, Jones R, Van der Vleuten C. Standardized or real patients to test clinical competence? The long case revisited. Med Educ 2001;35(4):321–325. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2001.00928.x.
  15. Eva KW, Reiter HI, Rosenfeld J, Norman GR. The ability of the multiple mini interview to predict preclerkship performance in medical school. Acad Med 2004;79(10Suppl):S40–S42.
  16. Hodges B, McIlroy JH. Analytic global OSCE ratings are sensitive to level of training. Med Educ 2003;37(11):1012–1016. DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2923.2003.01674.x.
  17. Carraccio C, Englander R. Evaluating competence using a portfolio: A literature review and Web-based application to the ACGME competencies. Teach Learn Med 2004;16(4):381–387. DOI: 10.1207/s15328015tlm1604_13.
  18. Harden RM, Stevenson M, Downie WW, Wilson GM. ‘Assessment of clinical competence using objective structured examination’. Br Med J 1975;1(5955):447–451. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.1.5955.447.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.